Stroke rehabilitation is a process aimed at helping individuals recover and regain independence after experiencing a stroke. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted, either due to a blood clot (ischemic stroke) or bleeding (haemorrhagic stroke). As a result, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and nutrients, leading to damage and loss of function in the affected area.
Stroke rehabilitation is crucial for promoting recovery and maximizing the individual's ability to perform daily activities and active participation in society. It is typically a multidisciplinary approach involving, Rehabilitation team which is led by the Rehabilitation doctor (Physiatrist) and include physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech therapist, psychologist, rehab nurse, and social worker.
The goals of stroke rehabilitation may include:
Physical therapists work on exercises and techniques to help patients regain mobility, transfer actives through improving their strength, balance, and coordination. They may use assistive devices like walkers or canes to aid walking.
Occupational therapists focus on helping patients regain skills needed for daily activities, such as dressing, eating, and bathing. They may also recommend adaptive equipment to make tasks easier.
Speech therapists assist with language and speech difficulties that may arise from a stroke, including aphasia (difficulty speaking or understanding language).
Stroke rehabilitation involve cognitive training to improve memory, attention, and problem-solving abilities.
Emotional support and counselling may be provided to help individuals cope with the emotional impact of stroke, which can include depression and anxiety.
Rehabilitation professionals work to prevent complications like joint contractures, and pressure sores.
At Revital Rehabilitation Hospital
depending on the severity of the stroke and the progress made by the individual.
It's important to involve the stroke survivor's family or caregivers in the rehabilitation process to provide support and continuity of care. Home exercises and ongoing therapy sessions can contribute significantly to the long-term success of stroke rehabilitation.
Early intervention and starting rehabilitation as soon as possible after a stroke are crucial for maximizing recovery outcomes. The process can be challenging, but with persistence, support, and professional guidance, many stroke survivors can make significant improvements in their physical and cognitive abilities and achieve a better quality of life.